Specification C1.13 Cavity barriers for fire-protected timber
This Specification sets out requirements for cavity barriers in fire-protected timber construction.
Specification C1.13 sets out requirements for cavity barriers used for fire-protected timber. A cavity barrier is a barrier/enclosure provided to cavities within, around or adjacent to fire-protected timber. The purpose of a cavity barrier is to limit the spread of fire, smoke and hot gases to other parts of a building in the event of a fire. A cavity barrier is used under C1.13 to permit fire-protected timber to be used in lieu of non-combustible material.
The requirements for cavity barriers in Specification C1.13 include but are not limited to:
- the location of cavity barriers, i.e. junctions between fire-resisting floor/ceiling assemblies and fire-resisting walls;
- minimum thickness of timber used as a barrier;
- minimum thickness of insulation; and
- the method to determine the FRL of the cavity barrier.
Cavity barriers must be provided in the following locations where fire-protected timber is used in any of the listed elements:
Around the perimeter of door and window openings in fire-resisting construction.
Cavity barriers must be installed so they are tight fitting and are able to withstand thermal expansion and structural movement without the loss of seal against fire and smoke.
In addition to cavity barriers required by Clause 2(a), horizontal and vertical cavity barriers are to be provided to wall cavities within, around or adjacent to fire-protected timber elements as follows:
Horizontal cavity barriers — at not more than 5 m centres.
Vertical cavity barriers — at not more than 10 m centres.
Cavity barriers must—
achieve the performance specified in Table 1 based on the highest FRL of the elements they are mounted within or seal against; or
Cavity barriers provided around openings may be formed by the window or door frame if—
the frame is constructed of steel or timber with the minimum thickness specified in Table 1 for timber; and
the frame is tightly fitted to rigid construction and mechanically fixed in position.
The FRL of cavity barriers in fire-protected timber construction must be determined in accordance with Schedule 5 applying the criteria for control joint systems specified in Section 10 of AS 1530.4 with the cavity barrier system fitted within an opening between timber members exposed directly to the furnace heating conditions.
System Required FRL
–/60/60 or –/90/90
–/120/120, –/180/180 or –/240/240
Cavity barrier required FRL
Timber, required minimum thickness
Mineral wool, required minimum thickness
Note to Table 1
Note to Table 1: Minimum thicknesses are to be measured in the direction of heat flow.