NSW Part H101 Entertainment venues other than temporary structures and drive-in theatres
NSW H101.1 Application of Part
This Part applies to every entertainment venue as described in the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000.
NSW H101.2 Fire separation
NSW H101.3 Foyer space
NSW H101.4 Sprinkler systems for common foyers
If the foyer serves not more than 2 auditoriums; that foyer must be separated from any adjoining foyer by construction having an FRL of not less than 60/60/60.
NSW H101.5 Conventional stages
NSW H101.5.1 Extent of stage area
NSW H101.5.2 Small stages
NSW H101.5.3 Large stages
A stage which is more than 150 m2 in area—
must have the proscenium opening protected by a safety curtain that complies with NSW H101.10; and
must have a line of open drenchers or open sprinklers provided above the proscenium opening on the stage side and in such a position as to be able to discharge over the inside face of the safety curtain; and
NSW H101.5.4 Fire separation of stages
NSW H101.6 Non-conventional stages
NSW H101.6.1 Small stages
NSW H101.6.2 Large stages
NSW H101.7 Flying scenery
a fly gallery, bridge grid, rigging loft, tie gallery or electric light perch must—
comply with AS 1657; and
be of non-combustible construction;
a fly gallery must be provided with at least 2 means of egress, one on each side of the stage;
a grid or rigging loft must be provided with at least 2 means of egress;
if exposed steel is used in the construction of a roof, fly or tie gallery, the roof, fly or tie gallery must be so designed that, in the event of its structural failure due to fire, the wall structure of the building will not be affected.
structural steel supporting the stage tower must be enclosed by masonry or concrete and have an FRL of not less than 120/120/120; and
in the case of a conventional stage, the following additional requirements apply:
The proscenium wall must—
have an FRL of not less than 120/120/120; and
have the proscenium opening protected by a rigid safety curtain in accordance with NSW H101.10.1;
NSW H101.8 Load notice
This notice must be in legible letters and figures—
at least 50 mm high; and
on a contrasting background.
NSW H101.9 * * * * *
This clause has been deliberately left blank.
NSW H101.10 Safety curtains
be made of non-combustible material; and
be capable of withstanding a pressure differential of 0.5 kPa over its entire surface area; and
be run on steel guides located on each side of the proscenium opening; and
remain engaged in its guides if the guides, together with their fittings and attachments and that part of the curtain engaged in the guides, are subjected to a pressure differential of 1 kPa; and
be of sufficiently robust construction to withstand damage by scenery, stage properties and falling debris; and
be capable of closing the proscenium opening within 30 seconds, either by gravity slide or by motor assisted mechanisms; and
have manual controls, located on each side of the stage, for the closing of the curtains; and
have a notice displayed adjacent to the operating controls, in clear and legible letters and symbols of adequate size, indicating its use and operation; and
when operated, actuate a distinctive warning alarm audible to persons on the stage and must not be reliant for its operation solely on the primary electricity supply; and
have the words “Safety Curtain” exhibited on the curtain in clear and legible letters of adequate size to enable them to be read from all parts of the auditorium.
NSW H101.10.1 Safety curtains—Additional requirements
be vertically hung from steel cables;
be framed with structural steel that complies with AS 4100;
be sheeted and finished on both faces with sheet steel or other non-combustible material of such gauge, and so fastened to its frame, as to ensure that its frame is capable of withstanding distortion arising from heat; and
when closed, overlap the proscenium opening by not less than 300 mm at each side and by not less than 600 mm at the top.
NSW H101.11 Seating in rows
This clause does not apply to continental seating or seating at tables.
NSW H101.11.1 Number of seats
NSW H101.11.2 Chairs used for seating
Chairs used for seating must—
where they have arms, be at least 500 mm from centre to centre; and
where they do not have arms, be at least 450 mm from centre to centre; and
have a minimum lateral clearance of at least 300 mm between—
the front of each chair and the back of the chair in front; or
if a guardrail is provided in front of the chairs, between the front of each chair and the guardrail; and
have a distance of at least 950 mm between the back of each chair and the back of the chair in front.
NSW H101.11.3 Chairs in auditoriums—Level floors
Chairs in an auditorium that has a level floor must be—
securely fastened to the floor; or
secured together in groups of not less than 4 and not more than 16.
NSW H101.11.4 Chairs in auditoriums—Sloping floors
Chairs in an auditorium having a sloping floor, or having stepped or inclined platforms, must be securely fastened to the floor or platform.
NSW H101.11.5 Radiating aisles in seating areas
the number of seats in each row between 2 aisles must not exceed 24; and
each seat must—
have a minimum lateral clearance of at least 325 mm between the front of the seat and the back of the seat in front; and
have a distance of at least 975 mm between the back of the seat and the back of the seat in front; and
the rows may be curved or straight.
NSW H101.11.6 Aisles and cross-overs
the floor of each aisle must not have a grade of more than 1 in 8 at any part; and
NSW H101.11.7 Platforms and steps
Where an aisle contains platforms or steps—
the platforms and steps must extend for the full width of the aisle; and
if there are no intervening steps between levels of platforms, the height of the platform riser must not be more than 200 mm; and
if there are one or more intervening steps between levels of platforms—
each riser must be at least 100 mm but not more than 200 mm high; and
each going must be at least 250 mm deep; and
risers and goings must be uniform; and
goings which are more than 450 mm deep at platform level must not have a grade of more than 1 in 50; and
any going projecting in front of a seat adjacent to an aisle must be protected by a guardrail.
NSW H101.11.8 Stepped platforms
Where stepped platforms without chairs or stepped platforms with bench seats, are used for seating—
each platform must be at least 700 mm deep; and
each seating space must be at least 450 mm wide, measured along the front of the platform or bench seat; and
each seating space must be numbered consecutively; and
any going projecting in front of a seat adjacent to an aisle must be protected by a guardrail; and
in the case of stepped platforms with bench seats, there must be at least 300 mm between the back of each seat and the front of the platform behind, or the front of the bench seat behind, whichever is the closer.
NSW H101.12 Continental seating
This Clause applies to continental seating.
NSW H101.12.1 Seating to be fastened
Seating must be securely fastened to the floor.
NSW H101.12.2 Maximum seats per row
The number of seats in a row must not exceed 120.
NSW H101.12.3 Depths of seating rows
The depth of each row of seating (that is, the distance between the back of the row in front or, if there is a guardrail in front, between the back of the row and the guardrail) must, in respect of a row containing a number of seats specified in Column 1 of Table H101.12 be not less than the distance specified in Column 2 of that Table in respect of that number of
NSW H101.12.4 Clearance between rows
NSW H101.12.5 Chairs used for seating
NSW H101.12.6 Egress Doorways
Egress doorways through the walls of the auditorium—
directly to a road or open space; or
into a foyer or other area giving access to a road or open space; and
must be provided with exit signs if the egress doorways are not sufficiently conspicuous.
NSW H101.12.7 Clear Areas
A clear area—
must have a width of at least—
500 mm, whichever is the greater; and
NSW H101.12.8 Minimum clear space
NSW H101.12.9 Doors
NSW H101.13 Provision of guardrails
NSW H101.13.1 Location
NSW H101.13.2 Fixed back seats
If seats with fixed backs are provided, guardrails that extend for the full width of the seating, must be provided at least 500 mm above the platform unless—
fixed seat backs of the next lower level project at least 500 mm above the level of the stepped platform; and
there is only one riser between the platform and the next lower cross-over.
NSW H101.13.3 Steps between platforms
there is more than one intervening step in an aisle between levels of platforms, a guardrail must be provided (at a vertical height of at least 660 mm measured above the nosing of each tread and of the upper platform) to the sides of the aisle adjacent to those steps; and
there is more than one intervening step in an aisle between levels of platforms, and that aisle is along a wall, a continuous guardrail must be affixed to that wall at a height of at least 865 mm above the nosing of each tread; and
the end of a platform or the back of the highest platform does not abut a wall that extends at least 660 mm above the floor level of the platform, a guard rail not less than 660 mm high must be provided—
at the ends of the platform, extending from the front of the first riser to the back of the highest platform; and
at the back of the highest platform, extending the full width of the platform; and
there is an inclined floor, the raised section of which is not bounded by walls at least 660 mm high, a guard rail must be provided that extends around the perimeter of the raised section at a height of at least 660 mm above the inclined floor level; and
seating at tables is provided on a stepped platform, a guardrail at least 500 mm high must be provided along the front edge of the platform.
NSW H101.14 Guardrails
This clause applies to seating areas.
NSW H101.14.1 Continental seating
Where a guardrail is provided in front of a row of chairs—
NSW H101.14.2 Balconies and boxes
A guardrail provided along the fascia of a balcony or box—
if it is located at the foot of a stepped aisle, must have its top surface at least 900 mm above the floor of the balcony or box; and
if it is not located at the foot of a stepped aisle, must have its top surface at least 750 mm above the floor; and
if it has a ledge more than 70 mm wide, must have the top surface of the ledge sloping downwards towards the floor of the balcony or box at an angle of at least 30 degrees from the horizontal; and
must have an unperforated kerb or toe guard extending for at least 300 mm above the floor.
NSW H101.14.3 Cross-overs
NSW H101.15 Dressing rooms
A dressing room or 2 or more adjoining dressing rooms, having a total floor area of more than 50 m2, must—
be separated from other parts of the building by construction having an FRL of not less than 60/60/60;
NSW H101.16 Storerooms
A storeroom must be separated from other parts of the building by construction having an FRL of not less than 60/60/60.
NSW H101.17 Projection suites
NSW H101.17.1 Rooms to be provided
A projection suite in accordance with the staffing requirements of Schedule 3A of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 must contain either—
a projection room and sanitary accommodation comprising at least 1 closet pan and 1 washbasin, where the projection suite is continually staffed; or
a projection room fitted with the following equipment—
an automatic fire suppression system in accordance with SSL Appraisal Specification FAS 102 or a sprinkler system complying with AS 2118; and
a smoke detection system which will—
comply with AS 1670.1; and
be connected to a fire station or other approved monitoring service where arrangements are in place to initiate fire brigade response; and
close down all shutters fitted to projection or observation ports; and
activate sufficient general lighting to provide a minimum of 40 lux measured at floor level in any auditorium affected; and
operate a public address system to automatically announce a suitable message from the management of the premises; and
activate an audible alarm to immediately indicate to management the presence of smoke in the projection room.
NSW H101.17.2 Fire separation
A projection suite must be separated from all other internal parts of the building in which it is located by construction having an FRL of not less than 60/60/60.
NSW H101.17.3 Concession for protection of some openings
If a projection or observation port is not more than 0.1 m2 in area—
any metal shutter or protection system provided must be equipped with a device to permit the closing of the shutter or protection system from easily accessible operating positions adjacent to each egress doorway from the projection room.
NSW H101.18 Basement storeys
any auditorium and other public areas in the basement must be equipped with an air-handling system that complies with AS 1668.2.
NSW H101.18.1 Basement storeys — More than two
the construction must be of at least Type B; and
the building must be equipped with a sprinkler system (other than a FPAA101D or FPAA101H system) complying with Specification E1.5.
NSW H101.19 Electric mains installation
NSW H101.19.1 Main switchboard
The switchboard containing the main isolation switch must—
be located in a position that is readily accessible to authorised persons, and to the fire brigade in the case of an emergency; and
be enclosed by construction having an FRL not less than 60/60/60.
NSW H101.19.2 Circuit protection
Protection of a final sub-circuit originating at a switchboard or distribution board must be by means of circuit breakers.
NSW H101.19.3 Separate sub-mains
Where an entertainment venue has its mains supply in common with that of another building or where it is a part of a building—
the entertainment venue must be served by a separate and independent sub-main from the main switchboard; and
each such sub-main, the consumer's main and the supply authority's conductors within the building must be protected against fire by means of—
mineral-insulated metal-sheathed cables or other cables that provide at least 2 hours' fire protection; or
heavy-duty PVC conduit or metallic pipe, concrete encased in walls or slabs with a minimum of 50 mm cover; or
heavy-duty PVC conduit or metallic pipe, buried at least 500 mm below ground level, for underground cabling.
NSW H101.20 Lighting
NSW H101.20.1 Lighting switches
Any switch controlling the lighting system must not be accessible.
Where, during normal use, general lighting may be dimmed or switched off, an override switch to switch on all the general lighting instantaneously must be installed in the auditorium in a position accessible to management.
NSW H101.20.2 Lighting levels
Where the lamps utilised in the general lighting are of a type that will not relight immediately after the restoration of the primary electricity supply to those lamps—
a time delay or other suitable means must be provided to maintain the emergency lighting for a period not less than that necessary to allow the general lighting lamps to restrike; or
lamps of a type that will provide immediate lighting must be installed and—
arranged in such a manner as to ensure visual conditions not inferior to those required to be provided by the emergency lighting; and
NSW H101.20.3 Provision of aisle lighting
Where general lighting is to be either dimmed or extinguished when the public is in attendance and where the floor is stepped or at an inclination greater than 1 in 12, aisle lights must be provided to illuminate the length of each aisle and the tread of each step therein.
NSW H101.20.4 Aisle lighting power supply
Where an aisle light is installed in a seat frame, it must be supplied at a voltage of not more than 32 volts AC or 115 volts DC.
NSW H101.20.5 Aisle lighting alternative power supply
NSW H101.21 * * * * *
This clause has deliberately been left blank.
NSW H101.22 Automatic smoke-and-heat vents for stages
be capable of automatic operation by the inclusion of a heat sensing device designed to activate the system at a temperature of not more than 71°C; and
be capable of being released manually from positions at each side of the stage and of being fully activated from either position; and
have a notice, prominently displayed at each position referred to in (b), clearly indicating the method of activation; and
have an openable area of not less than 1/10 of the total area of the stage.
NSW H101.23 Solid fuel burning stoves and open fire places.
Solid fuel burning stoves and open fire places must not be installed in premises designed for the purpose of—
exhibiting films; or
conducting live theatre productions.
NSW H101.24 Fuel gas cylinders
NSW H101.24.1 General
Fuel gas cylinders must—
be housed in an enclosure that is located outside the building; and
comply with the ventilation requirements of AS/NZS 1596.
NSW H101.24.2 Fuel gas cylinder enclosures
An enclosure referred to in NSW H101.24.1—
must be located not less than 3 m from any window, door, vent or other opening; and
if located 3 m or more from a building must—
have a concrete base; and
be constructed from heavy-gauge chain-wire mesh or other suitable material; and
be at least 1.8 m high; and
be so designed as to securely contain the fuel gas cylinders in a single line; and
must be so designed as to allow cross ventilation; and
if located less than 3 m from a building must—
have a concrete base; and
have 3 sides constructed from concrete or masonry; and
have a concrete roof; and
be so designed as to securely contain the fuel gas cylinders in a single line; and
have a hinged, heavy-gauge chain-wire door capable of being secured against unauthorised entry; and
have its roof at least 600 mm above the uppermost fitting on any fuel gas cylinder housed therein.