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Part E1 Fire fighting equipment

Deemed-to-Satisfy Provisions

E1.0 Deemed-to-Satisfy Provisions

Open link in same pageTas E1.0

(b)

E1.1 *  *  *  *  *

This clause has deliberately been left blank.

E1.2 *  *  *  *  *

This clause has deliberately been left blank.

E1.3 Fire hydrants

(a)

A fire hydrant system must be provided to serve a building—

(i)

having a total Open link in same pagefloor area greater than 500 m2; and

(ii)

where a Open link in same pagefire brigade station is—

(A)

no more than 50 km from the building as measured along roads; and

(B)

equipped with equipment capable of utilising a fire hydrant.

(b)

The fire hydrant system—

(i)

must be installed in accordance with AS 2419.1, except—

(A)

a Class 8 Open link in same pageelectricity network substation need not comply with clause 4.2 of AS 2419.1 if—

(aa)

it cannot be connected to a town main supply; and

(bb)

one hour water storage is provided for fire-fighting; and

(B)

where a sprinkler system is installed throughout a building in accordance with AS 2118.1, AS 2118.4, AS 2118.6, FPAA101H or FPAA101D the fire hydrant booster protection requirements of clauses 7.3(c)(ii) and 7.3(d)(iii) of AS 2419.1 do not apply; and

(C)

a fire hydrant booster assembly may be located between 3.5 m and 10 m of the building, and need not comply with clause 7.3(d)(iii) of AS 2419.1 where the assembly is protected by an adjacent fire-rated freestanding wall that—

(aa)

achieves an FRL of not less than 90/90/90; and

(bb)

extends not less than 1 m each side of the outermost fire hydrant booster risers within the assembly and is not less than 3 m wide; and

(cc)

extends to a height of not less than 2 m above finished ground level; and

(ii)

where internal fire hydrants are provided, they must serve only the Open link in same pagestorey on which they are located except that a Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit

(A)

in a Class 2 or 3 building or Class 4 part of a building may be served by a single fire hydrant located at the level of egress from that Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit; or

(B)

of not more than 2 Open link in same pagestoreys in a Class 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 building may be served by a single fire hydrant located at the level of egress from that Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit provided the fire hydrant can provide coverage to the whole of the Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit.

Open link in same pageSA E1.3(c), (d), (e)and (f)

E1.4 Fire hose reels

(a)

E1.4 does not apply to—

(i)

a Class 2, 3 or 5 building or Class 4 part of a building; or

(iii)

a Class 9c building; or

(iv)

classrooms and associated corridors in a primary or secondary Open link in same pageschool.

Open link in same pageSA E1.4(a)(v) and (vi)

(b)

A fire hose reel system must be provided—

(i)

to serve the whole building where one or more internal fire hydrants are installed; or

(ii)

where internal fire hydrants are not installed, to serve any Open link in same pagefire compartment with a Open link in same pagefloor area greater than 500 m2.

(c)

The fire hose reel system must—

(i)

have fire hose reels installed in accordance with AS 2441; and

(ii)

provide fire hose reels to serve only the Open link in same pagestorey at which they are located, except a Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit of not more than 2 Open link in same pagestoreys in a Class 6, 7, 8 or 9 building may be served by a single fire hose reel located at the level of egress from that Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit provided the fire hose reel can provide coverage to the whole of the Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit.

(d)

Fire hose reels must be located internally, externally or in combination, to achieve the system coverage specified in AS 2441.

(e)

In achieving system coverage, one or a combination of the following criteria for individual internally located fire hose reels must be met in determining the layout of any fire hose reel system:

(i)

Fire hose reels must be located adjacent to an internal fire hydrant (other than one within a fire-isolated Open link in same pageexit), except that a fire hose reel need not be located adjacent to every fire hydrant, provided system coverage can be achieved.

(ii)

Fire hose reels must be located within 4 m of an Open link in same pageexit, except that a fire hose reel need not be located adjacent to every Open link in same pageexit, provided system coverage can be achieved.

(iii)

Where system coverage is not achieved by compliance with Open link in same page(i) and Open link in same page(ii), additional fire hose reels may be located in paths of travel to an Open link in same pageexit to achieve the Open link in same pagerequired coverage.

(f)

Fire hose reels must be located so that the fire hose will not need to pass through doorways fitted with fire or smoke doors, except—

(i)

doorways in walls referred to in Open link in same pageC2.5(a)(v) in a Class 9a building and Open link in same pageC2.5(b)(iv) in a Class 9c building, separating ancillary use areas of high potential Open link in same pagefire hazard; and

(ii)

doorways in walls referred to in Open link in same pageC2.12 or Open link in same pageC2.13 separating equipment or electrical supply systems; and

(iii)

doorway openings to Open link in same pageshafts referred to in Open link in same pageC3.13.

(g)

Where the normal water supply cannot achieve the flow and pressures required by AS 2441, or is unreliable—

(i)

a pump; or

(ii)

water storage facility; or

(iii)

both a pump and water storage facility,

must be installed to provide the minimum flow and pressures required by clause 6.1 of AS 2441.

E1.5 Sprinklers

A sprinkler system must—

(a)

be installed in a building or part of a building when Open link in same pagerequired by Open link in same pageTable E1.5; and

Open link in same pageNSW Table E1.5

Open link in same page NT Table E1.5

Open link in same pageVic Table E1.5

Table E1.5 Requirements for sprinklers

Occupancy

Where sprinklers are required

All classes—

  1. including an Open link in same pageopen-deck carpark within a multi-classified building; but
  2. excluding—
    1. an Open link in same pageopen-deck carpark being a separate building; and
    2. a Class 8 Open link in same pageelectricity network substation, with a Open link in same pagefloor area not more than 200 m2, located within a multi-classified building.

Throughout the whole building if any part of the building has an Open link in same pageeffective height of more than 25 m.

Class 2 or 3 building (excluding a building used as a Open link in same pageresidential care building) and any other class of building (excluding a building used as a Open link in same pageresidential care building) containing a Class 2 or 3 part.

Throughout the whole building, including any part of another class, if any part of the building has a Open link in same pagerise in storeys of 4 or more and an Open link in same pageeffective height of not more than 25 m.

Class 3 building used as a Open link in same pageresidential care building

Throughout the building and in any Open link in same pagefire compartment containing a Class 3 part used for residential care.

Class 6

In Open link in same pagefire compartments where either of the following apply:

  1. A Open link in same pagefloor area of more than 3 500 m2.
  2. A volume more than 21 000 m3.

Class 7a, other than Open link in same pageopen-deck carparks

In Open link in same pagefire compartments where more than 40 vehicles are accommodated.

Class 9a Open link in same pagehealth-care building used as a Open link in same pageresidential care building

Throughout the building and in any Open link in same pagefire compartment containing a Class 9a part used for residential care.

Class 9c building

Throughout the building and any Open link in same pagefire compartment containing a Class 9c part.

Class 9b

see Open link in same pagePart H1

Atrium construction

see Open link in same pagePart G3

Large isolated buildings

see Open link in same pageClause C2.3

Occupancies of excessive hazard Open link in same pageNote 4

In Open link in same pagefire compartments where either of the following apply:

  1. A Open link in same pagefloor area of more than 2 000 m2.
  2. A volume of more than 12 000 m3.

Notes to Open link in same page Table E1.5 :

  1. See Specification C1.1 for use of sprinklers in Class 2 buildings and Open link in same pagecarparks generally.
  2. See Open link in same pagePart E2 for use of sprinklers to satisfy Smoke Hazard Management provisions.
  3. See Open link in same pageC1.13 and Specification C1.1 for use of sprinklers in Class 2, 3 and 5 buildings containing Open link in same pagefire-protected timber.
  4. For the purposes of this Table, occupancies of excessive Open link in same pagefire hazard comprise buildings which contain—
    1. hazardous processes or storage including the following:
      1. Aircraft hangars.
      2. Cane furnishing manufacture, processing and storage.
      3. Fire-lighter and fireworks manufacture and warehousing.
      4. Foam plastic and foam plastic goods manufacture, processing and warehousing e.g. furniture factory.
      5. Hydrocarbon based sheet product, manufacture, processing and warehousing e.g. vinyl floor coverings.
      6. Woodwool and other flammable loose fibrous material manufacture.
    2. combustible goods with an aggregate volume exceeding 1000 m3 and stored to a height greater than 4 m including the following:
      1. Aerosol packs with flammable contents.
      2. Carpets and clothing.
      3. Electrical appliances.
      4. Combustible compressed fibreboards (low and high density) and plywoods.
      5. Combustible cartons, irrespective of content
      6. Esparto and other fibrous combustible material.
      7. Furniture including timber, cane and composite, where foamed rubber or plastics are incorporated.
      8. Paper storage (all forms of new or waste) e.g. bales, sheet, horizontal or vertical rolls, waxed coated or processed.
      9. Textiles raw and finished, e.g., rolled cloth, clothing and manchester
      10. Timber storage including sheets, planks, boards, joists and cut sizes.
      11. Vinyl, plastic, foamed plastic, rubber and other combustible sheets, offcuts and random pieces and rolled material storage, e.g. carpet, tar paper, linoleum, wood veneer and foam mattresses.
      12. All materials having wrappings or preformed containers of foamed plastics.

E1.6 Portable fire extinguishers

(a)

Portable fire extinguishers must be—

(i)

provided as listed in Open link in same pageTable E1.6; and

(ii)

for a Class 2, 3 or 5 building or Class 4 part of a building, provided—

(A)

to serve the whole Class 2, 3 or 5 building or Class 4 part of a building where one or more internal fire hydrants are installed; or

(B)

where internal fire hydrants are not installed, to serve any Open link in same pagefire compartment with a Open link in same pagefloor area greater than 500 m2, and for the purposes of this clause, a Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit in a Class 2 or 3 building or Class 4 part of a building is considered to be a Open link in same pagefire compartment; and

(iii)

subject to Open link in same page(b), selected, located and distributed in accordance with Sections 1, 2, 3 and 4 of AS 2444.

(b)

Portable fire extinguishers provided in a Class 2 or 3 building or Class 4 part of a building must be—

(i)

an ABE type fire extinguisher; and

(ii)

a minimum size of 2.5 kg; and

(iii)

distributed outside a Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit

(A)

to serve only the Open link in same pagestorey at which they are located; and

(B)

so that the travel distance from the entrance doorway of any Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit to the nearest fire extinguisher is not more than 10 m.

Open link in same pageSA E1.6(c) and (d)

Table E1.6 Requirements for extinguishers
Occupancy class Risk class (as defined in AS 2444)
General provisions—Class 2 to 9 buildings (except within sole-occupancy units of a Class 9c building).
  1. To cover Class AE or E fire risks associated with emergency services switchboards.Open link in same pageNote 1
  2. To cover Class F fire risks involving cooking oils and fats in kitchens.
  3. To cover Class B fire risks in locations where flammable liquids in excess of 50 litres are stored or used (not including that held in fuel tanks of vehicles).
  4. To cover Class A fire risks in normally occupied fire compartments less than 500 m2 not provided with fire hose reels (excluding Open link in same pageopen-deck carparks).
  5. To cover Class A fire risks in classrooms and associated corridors in primary and secondary schools not provided with fire hose reels.
  6. To cover Class A fire risks associated with a Class 2, 3 or 5 building or Class 4 part of a building.
Specific provisions (in addition to general provisions)—
  1. Class 9a Open link in same pagehealth-care building, including a Class 9a building used as a residential care building.
  2. Class 3 parts of detention and correctional occupancies.
  3. Class 3 accommodation for children, aged persons and people with disabilities, including a Class 3 building used as a Open link in same pageresidential care building.
  4. Class 9c building.
To cover Class A and E fire risks.Open link in same pageNote 2

Notes to Open link in same page Table E1.6:

  1. For the purposes of this Table, an emergency services switchboard is one which sustains emergency equipment operating in the emergency mode.
  2. A Class E fire extinguisher need only be located at each nurses' station, supervisors' station or the like.
  3. Additional extinguishers may be required to cover fire risks in relation to special hazards provided for in Open link in same pageE1.10.
  4. The fire risks in a Class 2 or 3 building or Class 4 part of a building must include risks within any Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unts, however portable fire extinguishers are not required to be located within a Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit unless the Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit has a Open link in same pagefloor area greater than 500 m2.

E1.7 *  *  *  *  *

This clause has deliberately been left blank.

E1.8 Fire control centres

A fire control centre facility in accordance with Specification E1.8 must be provided for—

(a)

a building with an Open link in same pageeffective height of more than 25 m; and

(b)

a Class 6, 7, 8 or 9 building with a total Open link in same pagefloor area of more than 18 000 m2.

E1.9 Fire precautions during construction

In a building under construction—

(a)

not less than one fire extinguisher to suit Class A, B and C fires and electrical fires must be provided at all times on each Open link in same pagestorey adjacent to each Open link in same pagerequired Open link in same pageexit or temporary stairway or Open link in same pageexit; and

(b)

after the building has reached an Open link in same pageeffective height of 12 m—

(i)

the Open link in same pagerequired fire hydrants and fire hose reels must be operational in at least every Open link in same pagestorey that is covered by the roof or the floor structure above, except the 2 uppermost Open link in same pagestoreys; and

(ii)

any Open link in same pagerequired booster connections must be installed.

E1.10 Provision for special hazards

Suitable additional provision must be made if special problems of fighting fire could arise because of—

(a)

the nature or quantity of materials stored, displayed or used in a building or on the allotment; or

(b)

the location of the building in relation to a water supply for fire-fighting purposes.

Open link in same pageTas E1.101

Explanatory information: Cross-volume considerations

Open link in same pagePart B4 of NCC Volume Three sets out the requirements for access for maintenance to fire-fighting water services.