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A1.1 Definitions

Note: States and Territories may vary or add to the definitions contained in A1.1 at the relevant State or Territory Appendix.

In Volume One of the BCA unless the contrary intention appears—

Accessible means having features to enable use by people with a disability. Accessway means a continuous Open link in same pageaccessible path of travel (as defined in AS 1428.1) to, into or within a building. Aged care building means a Class 9c building for residential accommodation of aged persons who, due to varying degrees of incapacity associated with the ageing process, are provided with Open link in same pagepersonal care services and 24 hour staff assistance to evacuate the building during an emergency. Air-conditioning, for the purposes of Open link in same pageSection J, means a Open link in same pageservice that actively cools or heats the air within a space, but does not include a Open link in same pageservice that directly—
  1. cools or heats cold or hot rooms; or
  2. maintains specialised conditions for equipment or processes, where this is the main purpose of the Open link in same pageservice.
Alpine area means land—
  1. likely to be subject to significant snowfalls; and
  2. in New South Wales, A.C.T. or Victoria more than 1200 m above the Australian Height Datum; and
  3. in Tasmania more than 900 m above the Australian Height Datum.
Alteration, in relation to a building, includes an addition or extension to a building. Alternative Solution means a Open link in same pagePerformance Solution. Annual energy consumption means the theoretical amount of energy used annually by the building's Open link in same pageservices, excluding kitchen exhaust and the like.

(NSW, Appropriate authority)

Appropriate authority means the relevant authority with the statutory responsibility to determine the particular matter.

(NSW, Assembly building)

(SA, Assembly building)

Assembly building means a building where people may assemble for—
  1. civic, theatrical, social, political or religious purposes including a library, theatre, public hall or place of worship; or
  2. educational purposes in a Open link in same pageschool, Open link in same pageearly childhood centre, preschool, or the like; or
  3. entertainment, recreational or sporting purposes including—
    1. a discotheque, nightclub or a bar area of a hotel or motel providing live entertainment or containing a dance floor; or
    2. a cinema; or
    3. a sports stadium, sporting or other club; or
  4. transit purposes including a bus station, railway station, airport or ferry terminal.
Assessment Method means a method that can be used for determining that a Open link in same pagePerformance Solution or Open link in same pageDeemed-to-Satisfy Solution complies with the Open link in same pagePerformance Requirements. Atrium means a space within a building that connects 2 or more Open link in same pagestoreys, and—
  1. is wholly or substantially enclosed at the top by a floor or roof (including a glazed roof structure); and
  2. includes any adjacent part of the building not separated by an appropriate barrier to fire; but
  3. does not include a stairwell, rampwell or the space within a Open link in same pageshaft.
Atrium well means a space in an Open link in same pageatrium bounded by the perimeter of the openings in the floors or by the perimeter of the floors and the Open link in same pageexternal walls. Automatic means designed to operate when activated by a heat, smoke or fire sensing device. Average recurrence interval, applied to rainfall, means the expected or average interval between exceedances for a 5 minute duration rainfall intensity. Average specific extinction area means the average specific extinction area for smoke as determined by AS/NZS 3837. Backstage means a space associated with, and adjacent to, a Open link in same pagestage in a Class 9b building for scenery, props, equipment, dressing rooms, or the like. Boiler means a vessel or an arrangement of vessels and interconnecting parts, wherein steam or other vapour is generated, or water or other liquid is heated at a pressure above that of the atmosphere, by the application of fire, the products of combustion, electrical power, or similar high temperature means, and—
  1. includes superheaters, reheaters, economisers, Open link in same pageboiler piping, supports, mountings, valves, gauges, fittings, controls, the Open link in same pageboiler settings and directly associated equipment; but
  2. excludes a fully flooded or pressurised system where water or other liquid is heated to a temperature lower than the normal atmospheric boiling temperature of the liquid.
Building Solution means a solution which complies with the Open link in same pagePerformance Requirements and is a—
  1. Open link in same pagePerformance Solution; or
  2. Open link in same pageDeemed-to-Satisfy Solution; or
  3. combination of Open link in same page(a) and Open link in same page(b).
Carpark means a building that is used for the parking of motor vehicles but is neither a Open link in same pageprivate garage nor used for the servicing of vehicles, other than washing, cleaning or polishing. Cavity wall, for the purposes of FV1, means a wall that incorporates a drained cavity. Certificate of Accreditation means a certificate issued by a State or Territory accreditation authority stating that the properties and performance of a building material or method of construction or design fulfill specific requirements of the BCA. Certificate of Conformity means a certificate issued under the ABCB scheme for products and systems certification stating that the properties and performance of a building material or method of construction or design fulfill specific requirements of the BCA. Climate zone means an area defined in Open link in same pageFigure A1.1 and in Open link in same pageTable A1.1 for specific locations, having energy efficiency provisions based on a range of similar climatic characteristics.

 

FIGURE A1.1 — CLIMATE ZONES FOR THERMAL DESIGN 

Figure A1.1 — CLIMATE ZONES FOR THERMAL DESIGN
Show Full Sized ImageFigure A1.1 - CLIMATE ZONES FOR THERMAL DESIGN

Notes:

  1. This map can be viewed in enlargeable form on the ABCB website at www.abcb.gov.au.
  2. A Zone 4 area in South Australia, other than a council area, at an altitude greater than 300 m above the Australian Height Datum is to be considered as Zone 5.

    These areas have been defined in an enlarged format on the following maps produced by the Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure:

    Adelaide Hills Council Climate Zone Map

    Barossa Council Climate Zone Map

    Regional Council of Goyder Climate Zone Map

    These maps can be viewed on the Government of South Australia website at www.sa.gov.au

  3. Locations in climate zone 8 are in alpine areas.

 

TABLE A1.1 CLIMATE ZONES FOR THERMAL DESIGN -VARIOUS LOCATIONS

Location Climate Zone Location Climate Zone Location Climate Zone Location Climate Zone
Australian Capital Territory Canberra 7    
New South Wales
Albury 4 Byron Bay 2 Lord Howe Island 2 Sydney West 6
Armidale 7 Cobar 4 Moree 4 Tamworth 4
Batemans Bay 6 Coffs Harbour 2 Newcastle 5 Thredbo 8
Bathurst 7 Dubbo 4 Nowra 6 Wagga Wagga 4
Bega 6 Goulburn 7 Orange 7 Williamtown 5
Bellingen Shire - Dorrigo Plateau 7 Grafton 2 Perisher Smiggins 8 Wollongong 5
Bellingen Shire - Valley & seaboard 2 Griffith 4 Port Macquarie 5 Yass 6
Bourke 4 Ivanhoe 4 Sydney East 5 Broken Hill 4
Lismore 2            
Northern Territory
Alice Springs 3 Elliot 3 Renner Springs 3 Darwin 1
Katherine 1 Tennant Creek 3  
Queensland
Birdsville 3 Cunnamulla 3 Maryborough 2 Toowoomba 5
Brisbane 2 Longreach 3 Mount Isa 3 Torrens Creek 3
Bundaberg 2 Gladstone 2 Normanton 1 Townsville 1
Cairns 1 Labrador 2 Rockhampton 2 Warwick 5
Cooktown 1 Mackay 2 Roma 3 Weipa 1
South Australia
Adelaide 5 Kingscote 6 Marree 4 Port Lincoln 5
Bordertown 6 Leigh Creek 5 Mount Gambier 6 Renmark 5
Ceduna 5 Lobethal 6 Murray Bridge 6 Tarcoola 4
Cook 4 Loxton 5 Oodnadatta 4 Victor Harbour 6
Elliston 5 Naracoorte 6 Port Augusta 4 Whyalla 4
Tasmania
Burnie 7 Flinders Island 7 Launceston 7 Rossarden 7
Bicheno 7 Hobart 7 New Norfolk 7 Smithton 7
Deloraine 7 Huonville 7 Oatlands 7 St Marys 7
Devonport 7 King Island 7 Orford 7 Zeehan 7
Victoria
Anglesea 6 Bright 7 Horsham 6 Swan Hill 4
Ararat 7 Colac 6 Melbourne 6 Traralgon 6
Bairnsdale 6 Dandenong 6 Mildura 4 Wangaratta 7
Ballarat 7 Echuca 4 Portland 6 Warrnambool 6
Benalla 6 Geelong 6 Sale 6 Wodonga 6
Bendigo 6 Hamilton 7 Shepparton 4    
Western Australia
Albany 6 Cocos Island 1 Kalgoorlie- Boulder 4 Port Hedland 1
Balladonia 4 Derby 1 Karratha 1 Wagin 4
Broome 1 Esperance 5 Meekatharra 4 Wyndham 1
Bunbury 5 Exmouth 1 Northam 4 Carnarvon 3
Geraldton 5 Pemberton 6 Christmas Island 1 Halls Creek 3
Perth 5            
Combustible means—
  1. applied to a material — Open link in same pagecombustible as determined by AS 1530.1; and
  2. applied to construction or part of a building — constructed wholly or in part of Open link in same pagecombustible materials.
Common wall means a wall that is common to adjoining buildings. Conditioned space means a space within a building, including a ceiling or under-floor supply air plenum or return air plenum, where the environment is likely, by the intended use of the space, to have its temperature controlled by Open link in same pageair-conditioning, but does not include—
  1. a non-Open link in same pagehabitable room of a Class 2 building or Class 4 part of a building in which a heater with a capacity of not more than 1.2 kW or 4.3 MJ/hour provides the Open link in same pageair-conditioning; or
  2. a space in a Class 6, 7, 8 or 9b building where the input energy to an Open link in same pageair-conditioning system is not more than 15 W/m2 or 15 J/s.m2 (54 KJ/hour.m2); or
  3. a lift Open link in same pageshaft.
Construction activity actions means actions due to stacking of building materials or the use of equipment, including cranes and trucks, during construction or actions which may be induced by floor to floor propping. Critical radiant flux means the critical heat flux at extinguishment as determined by AS ISO 9239.1. Curtain wall means a non-Open link in same pageloadbearing Open link in same pageexternal wall that is not a Open link in same pagepanel wall. Deemed-to-Satisfy Provisions means provisions which are deemed to satisfy the Open link in same pagePerformance Requirements. Deemed-to-Satisfy Solution means a method of satisfying the Open link in same pageDeemed-to-Satisfy Provisions. Defined flood event (DFE) means the flood event selected for the management of flood hazard for the location of specific development as determined by the Open link in same pageappropriate authority. Defined flood level (DFL) means the flood level associated with a Open link in same pagedefined flood event relative to a specified datum.

(NSW, Designated bushfire prone area)

Designated bushfire prone area means land which has been designated under a power of legislation as being subject, or likely to be subject, to bushfires. Detention centre means a building in which persons are securely detained by means of the built structure including a prison, remand centre, juvenile Open link in same pagedetention centre, holding cells or psychiatric Open link in same pagedetention centre. Direct fix cladding wall, for the purposes of FV1, means a wall with cladding attached directly to the wall framing without the use of a drained cavity.

(NSW, Early childhood centre)

(Tas, Early childhood centre)

(Vic, Early childhood centre)

Early childhood centre means any premises or part thereof providing or intending to provide a centre-based education and care service within the meaning of the Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010 (Vic), the Education and Care Services National Regulations and centre-based services that are licensed or approved under State and Territory children's services law, but excludes education and care primarily provided to school aged children in outside school hours settings. Effective height means the vertical distance between the floor of the lowest Open link in same pagestorey included in the calculation of Open link in same pagerise in storeys and the floor of the topmost Open link in same pagestorey (excluding the topmost Open link in same pagestorey if it contains only heating, ventilating, lift or other equipment, water tanks or similar service units). Electric passenger lift means a power-operated lift for raising or lowering people in a car in which the motion of the car is obtained from an electric motor mechanically coupled to the hoisting mechanism. Electricity network substation means a building in which high voltage supply is converted or transformed and which is controlled by a licensed network service provider designated under a power of legislation. Electrohydraulic passenger lift means a power-operated lift for raising or lowering people in a car in which the motion of the car is obtained from the action of liquid under pressure acting on a piston or ram, the pressure being generated by a pump driven by an individual electric motor. Envelope, for the purposes of Open link in same pageSection J, means the parts of a building’s Open link in same pagefabric that separate a Open link in same pageconditioned space or Open link in same pagehabitable room from—
  1. the exterior of the building; or
  2. a non-Open link in same pageconditioned space including—
    1. the floor of a rooftop plant room, lift-machine room or the like; and
    2. the floor above a Open link in same pagecarpark or warehouse; and
    3. the Open link in same pagecommon wall with a Open link in same pagecarpark, warehouse or the like.
Equivalent means equivalent to the level of health, safety and amenity provided by the Open link in same pageDeemed-to-Satisfy Provisions. Evacuation route means the continuous path of travel (including Open link in same pageexits, Open link in same pagepublic corridors and the like) from any part of a building, including within a Open link in same pagesole-occupancy unit in a Class 2 or 3 building or Class 4 part, to a Open link in same pagesafe place. Evacuation time means the time calculated from when the emergency starts for the occupants of the building to evacuate to a Open link in same pagesafe place. Exit means—
  1. Any, or any combination of the following if they provide egress to a road or Open link in same pageopen space
    1. An internal or external stairway.
    2. A ramp.
    3. A Open link in same pagefire-isolated passageway.
    4. A doorway opening to a road or Open link in same pageopen space.
  2. A Open link in same pagehorizontal exit or a Open link in same pagefire-isolated passageway leading to a Open link in same pagehorizontal exit.
Expert Judgement means the judgement of an expert who has the qualifications and experience to determine whether a Open link in same pagePerformance Solution or Open link in same pageDeemed-to-Satisfy Solution complies with the Open link in same pagePerformance Requirements. External wall means an outer wall of a building which is not a Open link in same pagecommon wall. Fabric means the basic building structural elements and components of a building including the roof, ceilings, walls and floors. Fan motor power means the power delivered to a motor of a fan, including the power needed for any drive and impeller losses.

(SA, Farming)

Farming means— but does not include forestry or maintaining animals for sport or recreational purposes.
  1. cultivating, propagating and harvesting plants or fungi or their products or parts, including seeds, spores, bulbs or the like, but does not include forestry; or
  2. maintaining animals in any physical environment for the purposes of—
    1. breeding them; or
    2. selling them; or
    3. acquiring and selling their bodily produce such as milk, wool, eggs or the like; or
  3. a combination of Open link in same page(a) and Open link in same page(b),

(SA, Farm building)

Farm building means a Class 7 or 8 building located on land primarily used for Open link in same pagefarming
  1. that is—
    1. used in connection with Open link in same pagefarming; or
    2. used primarily to store one or more Open link in same pagefarm vehicles; or
    3. a combination of Open link in same page(i) and Open link in same page(ii); and
  2. in which the total number of persons accommodated at any time does not exceed one person per 200 m² of Open link in same pagefloor area or part thereof, up to a maximum of 8 persons; and
  3. with a total Open link in same pagefloor area of not more than 3500 m².

(SA, Farm shed)

Farm shed means a single Open link in same pagestorey Class 7 or 8 building located on land primarily used for Open link in same pagefarming
  1. that is—
    1. used in connection with Open link in same pagefarming; or
    2. used primarily to store one or more Open link in same pagefarm vehicles; or
    3. a combination of Open link in same page(i) and Open link in same page(ii); and
  2. occupied neither frequently nor for extended periods by people; and
  3. in which the total number of persons accommodated at any time does not exceed 2; and
  4. with a total Open link in same pagefloor area of more than 500 m² but not more than 2000 m².

(SA, Farm vehicle)

Farm vehicle means a vehicle used in connection with Open link in same pagefarming. Fire brigade means a statutory authority constituted under an Act of Parliament having as one of its functions, the protection of life and property from fire and other emergencies. Fire compartment means—
  1. the total space of a building; or
  2. when referred to in—
    1. the Open link in same pagePerformance Requirements — any part of a building separated from the remainder by barriers to fire such as walls and/or floors having an appropriate resistance to the spread of fire with any openings adequately protected; or
    2. the Open link in same pageDeemed-to-Satisfy Provisions — any part of a building separated from the remainder by walls and/or floors each having an FRL not less than that Open link in same pagerequired for a Open link in same pagefire wall for that type of construction and where all openings in the separating construction are protected in accordance with the Open link in same pageDeemed-to-Satisfy Provisions of the relevant Part.
Fire hazard means the danger in terms of potential harm and degree of exposure arising from the start and spread of fire and the smoke and gases that are thereby generated. Fire hazard properties means the following properties of a material or assembly that indicate how they behave under specific fire test conditions:
  1. Open link in same pageAverage specific extinction area, Open link in same pagecritical radiant flux and Open link in same pageFlammability Index, determined as defined in A1.1.
  2. Open link in same pageSmoke-Developed Index, Open link in same pagesmoke development rate and Open link in same pageSpread-of-Flame Index, determined in accordance with Specification A2.4.
  3. Open link in same pageGroup number and Open link in same pagesmoke growth rate index (SMOGRARC), determined in accordance with Specification C1.10.
Fire intensity means the rate release of calorific energy in watts, determined either theoretically or empirically, as applicable. Fire-isolated passageway means a corridor, hallway or the like, of Open link in same pagefire-resisting construction, which provides egress to or from a Open link in same pagefire-isolated stairway or Open link in same pagefire-isolated ramp or to a road or Open link in same pageopen space. Fire-isolated ramp means a ramp within a Open link in same pagefire-resisting enclosure which provides egress from a Open link in same pagestorey. Fire-isolated stairway means a stairway within a Open link in same pagefire-resisting shaft and includes the floor and roof or top enclosing structure. Fire load means the sum of the net calorific values of the Open link in same pagecombustible contents which can reasonably be expected to burn within a Open link in same pagefire compartment, including furnishings, built-in and removable materials, and building elements. The calorific values must be determined at the ambient moisture content or humidity. (The unit of measurement is MJ.) Fire-protected timber means Open link in same pagefire-resisting timber building elements that comply with Specification A1.1. Fire-protective covering means— fixed in accordance with the normal trade practice for a Open link in same pagefire-protective covering.
  1. 13 mm fire-protective grade plasterboard; or
  2. 12 mm cellulose cement flat sheeting complying with AS/NZS 2908.2 or ISO 8336; or
  3. 12 mm fibrous plaster reinforced with 13 mm x 13 mm x 0.7 mm galvanised steel wire mesh located not more than 6 mm from the exposed face; or
  4. other material not less fire-protective than 13 mm fire-protective grade plasterboard,
Fire-resistance level (FRL) means the grading periods in minutes determined in accordance with Specification A2.3, for the following criteria— and expressed in that order.
  1. Open link in same pagestructural adequacy; and
  2. Open link in same pageintegrity; and
  3. Open link in same pageinsulation,

Note: A dash means that there is no requirement for that criterion. For example, 90/–/– means there is no requirement for an FRL for integrity and insulation, and –/–/– means there is no requirement for an FRL.

 

Fire-resisting, applied to a building element, means having an FRL appropriate for that element. Fire-resisting construction means one of the Types of construction referred to in Open link in same pagePart C1. Fire safety system means one or any combination of the methods used in a building to— and includes both active and passive systems.
  1. warn people of an emergency; or
  2. provide for safe evacuation; or
  3. restrict the spread of fire; or
  4. extinguish a fire,
Fire-source feature means—
  1. the far boundary of a road, river, lake or the like adjoining the allotment; or
  2. a side or rear boundary of the allotment; or
  3. an Open link in same pageexternal wall of another building on the allotment which is not a Class 10 building.
Fire wall means a wall with an appropriate resistance to the spread of fire that divides a Open link in same pagestorey or building into Open link in same pagefire compartments. Flashover, in relation to Open link in same pagefire hazard properties, means a heat release rate of 1 MW. Flammability Index means the index number as determined by AS 1530.2. Flight means that part of a stairway that has a continuous series of risers, including risers of winders, not interrupted by a landing or floor.

(Vic, Flood hazard area)

Flood hazard area means the Open link in same pagesite (whether or not mapped) encompassing land lower than the Open link in same pageflood hazard level which has been determined by the Open link in same pageappropriate authority. Flood hazard level (FHL) means the flood level used to determine the height of floors in a building and represents the Open link in same pagedefined flood level plus the Open link in same pagefreeboard. Floor area means—
  1. in relation to a building — the total area of all Open link in same pagestoreys; and
  2. in relation to a Open link in same pagestorey — the area of all floors of that Open link in same pagestorey measured over the enclosing walls, and includes—
    1. the area of a Open link in same pagemezzanine within the Open link in same pagestorey, measured within the finished surfaces of any Open link in same pageexternal walls; and
    2. the area occupied by any Open link in same pageinternal walls or partitions, any cupboard, or other built-in furniture, fixture or fitting; and
    3. if there is no enclosing wall, an area which has a use that—
      1. contributes to the Open link in same pagefire load; or
      2. impacts on the safety, health or amenity of the occupants in relation to the provisions of the BCA; and
  3. in relation to a room — the area of the room measured within the finished surfaces of the walls, and includes the area occupied by any cupboard or other built-in furniture, fixture or fitting; and
  4. in relation to a fire compartment — the total area of all floors within the fire compartment measured within the finished surfaces of the bounding construction, and if there is no bounding construction, includes an area which has a use which contributes to the Open link in same pagefire load; and
  5. in relation to an Open link in same pageatrium — the total area of all floors within the Open link in same pageatrium measured within the finished surfaces of the bounding construction and if no bounding construction, within the Open link in same pageexternal walls.

(Vic, Freeboard)

Freeboard means the height above the Open link in same pagedefined flood level as determined by the Open link in same pageappropriate authority, used to compensate for effects such as wave action and localised hydraulic behaviour. Glazing, for the purposes of Open link in same pageSection J, means a transparent or translucent element and its supporting frame located in the Open link in same pageenvelope, and includes a Open link in same pagewindow other than a Open link in same pageroof light. Group number means the number of one of 4 groups of materials used in the regulation of Open link in same pagefire hazard properties and applied to materials used as a finish, surface, lining, or attachment to a wall or ceiling. Habitable room means a room used for normal domestic activities, and—
  1. includes a bedroom, living room, lounge room, music room, television room, kitchen, dining room, sewing room, study, playroom, family room, home theatre and sunroom; but
  2. excludes a bathroom, laundry, water closet, pantry, walk-in wardrobe, corridor, hallway, lobby, photographic darkroom, clothes-drying room, and other spaces of a specialised nature occupied neither frequently nor for extended periods.
Health-care building means a building whose occupants or patients undergoing medical treatment generally need physical assistance to evacuate the building during an emergency and includes—
  1. a public or private hospital; or
  2. a nursing home or similar facility for sick or disabled persons needing full-time care; or
  3. a clinic, day surgery or procedure unit where the effects of the predominant treatment administered involve patients becoming non-ambulatory and requiring supervised medical care on the premises for some time after the treatment.
Horizontal exit means a Open link in same pagerequired doorway between 2 parts of a building separated from each other by a Open link in same pagefire wall. House energy rating software means software accredited under the Nationwide House Energy Rating Scheme and is limited to assessing the potential thermal efficiency of the dwelling envelope. Illuminance means the luminous flux falling onto a unit area of surface. Illumination power density (W/m 2 ) means the total of the power that will be consumed by the lights in a space, including any lamps, ballasts, current regulators and control devices other than those that are plugged into socket outlets for intermittent use such as floor standing lamps, desk lamps or work station lamps, divided by the area of the space. Inclined lift means a power-operated device for raising or lowering people within a carriage that has one or more rigid guides on an inclined plane. Insulation , in relation to an FRL, means the ability to maintain a temperature on the surface not exposed to the furnace below the limits specified in AS 1530.4. Integrity, in relation to an FRL, means the ability to resist the passage of flames and hot gases specified in AS 1530.4. Internal wall excludes a Open link in same pagecommon wall or a party wall. Lamp power density (W/m 2 ) means the total of the maximum power rating of the lamps in a space, other than those that are plugged into socket outlets for intermittent use such as floor standing lamps, desk lamps or work station lamps, divided by the area of the space. Latent heat gain means the heat gained by the vapourising of liquid without change of temperature. Light source efficacy means the luminous flux of a lamp or the total radiant flux in the visible spectrum weighted by the spectral response of the eye, divided by the electric power that will be consumed by the lamp but excluding ballast and control gear power losses. Lightweight construction means construction which incorporates or comprises—
  1. sheet or board material, plaster, render, sprayed application, or other material similarly susceptible to damage by impact, pressure or abrasion; or
  2. concrete and concrete products containing pumice, perlite, vermiculite, or other soft material similarly susceptible to damage by impact, pressure or abrasion; or
  3. masonry having a thickness less than 70 mm.
Loadbearing means intended to resist vertical forces additional to those due to its own weight. Low-rise, low-speed constant pressure lift means a power-operated low-rise, low-speed device for raising or lowering people with limited mobility on a carriage that is controlled by the application of constant pressure to a control. Low-rise platform lift means a power-operated device for raising or lowering people with limited mobility on a platform, that is controlled automatically or by the application of constant pressure to a control. Luminance contrast means the light reflected from one surface or component, compared to the light reflected from another surface or component. Massive timber means an element not less than 75 mm thick as measured in each direction formed from chemically bonded laminated timber and includes:
  1. Cross laminated timber (CLT).
  2. Laminated veneer lumber (LVL).
  3. Glued laminated timber (Glulam).
Mezzanine means an intermediate floor within a room. Non-combustible means—
  1. applied to a material — not deemed Open link in same pagecombustible as determined by AS 1530.1 — Combustibility Tests for Materials; and
  2. applied to construction or part of a building — constructed wholly of materials that are not deemed Open link in same pagecombustible.
Non-illuminated exit sign means an Open link in same pageexit sign that complies with the requirements for an externally illuminated Open link in same pageexit sign under AS 2293.3, except clause 3.4.4. Open-deck carpark means a carpark in which all parts of the parking Open link in same pagestoreys are cross-ventilated by permanent unobstructed openings in not fewer than 2 opposite or approximately opposite sides, and—
  1. each side that provides ventilation is not less than 1/6 of the area of any other side; and
  2. the openings are not less than ½ of the wall area of the side concerned.
Open space means a space on the allotment, or a roof or similar part of a building adequately protected from fire, open to the sky and connected directly with a public road. Open spectator stand means a tiered stand substantially open at the front. Other property means all or any of the following—
  1. any building on the same or an adjoining allotment; and
  2. any adjoining allotment; and
  3. a road.
Outdoor air means air outside the building. Outdoor air economy cycle is a mode of operation of an Open link in same pageair-conditioning system that, when the outside air thermodynamic properties are favourable, increases the quantity of outside air used to condition the space. Outfall means that part of the disposal system receiving Open link in same pagesurface water from the drainage system and may include a natural water course, kerb and channel, or soakage system. Panel wall means a non-Open link in same pageloadbearing Open link in same pageexternal wall, in frame or similar construction, that is wholly supported at each Open link in same pagestorey. Patient care area means a part of a Open link in same pagehealth-care building normally used for the treatment, care, accommodation, recreation, dining and holding of patients including a Open link in same pageward area and Open link in same pagetreatment area. Performance Requirement means a requirement which states the level of performance which a Open link in same pagePerformance Solution or Open link in same pageDeemed-to-Satisfy Solution must meet. Performance Solution (Alternative Solution) means a method of complying with the Open link in same pagePerformance Requirements other than by a Open link in same pageDeemed-to-Satisfy Solution. Personal care services means any of the following:
  1. The provision of nursing care.
  2. Assistance or supervision in—
    1. bathing, showering or personal hygiene; or
    2. toileting or continence management; or
    3. dressing or undressing; or
    4. consuming food.
  3. The provision of direct physical assistance to a person with mobility problems.
  4. The management of medication.
  5. The provision of substantial rehabilitative or development assistance.
Piping, for the purposes of Open link in same pageSection J, means an assembly of pipes, with or without valves or other fittings, connected together for the conveyance of liquids and gases. Pressure vessel means a vessel subject to internal or external pressure. It includes interconnected parts and components, valves, gauges and other fittings up to the first point of connection to connecting piping, and—
  1. includes fire heaters and gas cylinders; but
  2. excludes—
    1. any vessel that falls within the definition of a Open link in same pageboiler; and
    2. storage tanks and equipment tanks intended for storing liquids where the pressure at the top of the tank is not exceeding 1.4 kPa above or 0.06 kPa below atmospheric pressure; and
    3. domestic-type hot water supply heaters and tanks; and
    4. pressure vessels installed for the purposes of fire suppression or which serve a fire suppression system.
Primary building element means a member of a building designed specifically to take part of the loads specified in Open link in same pageB1.2 and includes roof, ceiling, floor, stairway or ramp and wall framing members including bracing members designed for the specific purpose of acting as a brace to those members. Private bushfire shelter means a structure associated with, but not attached to, or part of a Class 1a dwelling that may, as a last resort, provide shelter for occupants from immediate life threatening effects of a bushfire. Private garage means—
  1. any garage associated with a Class 1 building; or
  2. any single Open link in same pagestorey of a building of another Class containing not more than 3 vehicle spaces, if there is only one such Open link in same pagestorey in the building; or
  3. any separate single Open link in same pagestorey garage associated with another building where such garage contains not more than 3 vehicle spaces.
Professional engineer means a person who is—
  1. if legislation is applicable — a registered Open link in same pageprofessional engineer in the relevant discipline who has appropriate experience and competence in the relevant field; or
  2. if legislation is not applicable—
    1. a Corporate Member of the Institution of Engineers, Australia; or
    2. eligible to become a Corporate Member of the Institution of Engineers, Australia, and has appropriate experience and competence in the relevant field.
Public corridor means an enclosed corridor, hallway or the like which—
  1. serves as a means of egress from 2 or more Open link in same pagesole-occupancy units to a Open link in same pagerequiredOpen link in same page exit from the Open link in same pagestorey concerned; or
  2. is Open link in same pagerequired to be provided as a means of egress from any part of a Open link in same pagestorey to a Open link in same pagerequiredOpen link in same page exit.
Pump power means the power delivered to a pump, including the power needed for any drivetrain. R-Value (m 2 .K/W) means the thermal resistance of a component calculated by dividing its thickness by its thermal conductivity. Reference building means a hypothetical building that is used to calculate the maximum allowable annual energy load, or maximum allowable Open link in same pageannual energy consumption for the proposed building. Reflective insulation means a building membrane with a reflective surface such as a reflective foil laminate, reflective barrier, foil batt or the like capable of reducing radiant heat flow. Registered Testing Authority means—
  1. an organisation registered by the National Association of Testing Authorities (NATA) to test in the relevant field; or
  2. an organisation outside Australia registered by an authority recognised by NATA through a mutual recognition agreement; or
  3. an organisation recognised as being a Open link in same pageRegistered Testing Authority under legislation at the time the test was undertaken.
Renewable energy means energy that is derived from sources that are regenerated, replenished, or for all practical purposes cannot be depleted and the energy sources include, but are not limited to, solar, wind, hydroelectric, wave action and geothermal. Required means Open link in same pagerequired to satisfy a Open link in same pagePerformance Requirement or a Open link in same pageDeemed-to-Satisfy Provision of the BCA as appropriate. Residential aged care building means a building whose residents, due to their incapacity associated with the ageing process, are provided with physical assistance in conducting their daily activities and to evacuate the building during an emergency. Resident use area means part of a Class 9c building normally used by residents, and—
  1. includes Open link in same pagesole-occupancy units, lounges, dining areas, activity rooms and the like; but
  2. excludes offices, storage areas, commercial kitchens, commercial laundries and other spaces not for the use of residents.
Resistance to the incipient spread of fire , in relation to a ceiling membrane, means the ability of the membrane to insulate the space between the ceiling and roof, or ceiling and floor above, so as to limit the temperature rise of materials in this space to a level which will not permit the rapid and general spread of fire throughout the space. Rise in storeys means the greatest number of Open link in same pagestoreys calculated in accordance with Open link in same pageC1.2. Roof light, for the purposes of Open link in same pageSection J and Open link in same pagePart F4, means a skylight, Open link in same pagewindow or the like installed in a roof—
  1. to permit natural light to enter the room below; and
  2. at an angle between 0 and 70 degrees measured from the horizontal plane.
Safe place means—
  1. a place of safety within a building—
    1. which is not under threat from a fire; and
    2. from which people must be able to safely disperse after escaping the effects of an emergency to a road or Open link in same pageopen space; or
  2. a road or Open link in same pageopen space.
Sanitary compartment means a room or space containing a closet pan or urinal. Sarking-type material means a material such as a Open link in same pagereflective insulation or other flexible membrane of a type normally used for a purpose such as water proofing, vapour proofing or thermal reflectance. School includes a primary or secondary Open link in same pageschool, college, university or similar educational establishment. Self-closing, applied to a door, means equipped with a device which returns the door to the fully closed position immediately after each opening. Sensible heat gain means the heat gained which causes a change in temperature. Service, for the purposes of Open link in same pageSection J, means a mechanical or electrical system that uses energy to provide Open link in same pageair-conditioning, mechanical ventilation, heated water supply, artificial lighting, vertical transport and the like within a building, but which does not include—
  1. systems used solely for emergency purposes; and
  2. cooking facilities; and
  3. portable appliances.
Service station means a garage which is not a Open link in same pageprivate garage and is for the servicing of vehicles, other than only washing, cleaning or polishing. Shaft means the walls and other parts of a building bounding—
  1. a well, other than an Open link in same pageatrium well; or
  2. a vertical chute, duct or similar passage, but not a chimney or flue.
Shower area means the area affected by water from a shower, including a shower over a bath. Site means the part of the allotment of land on which a building stands or is to be erected. Sitework means work on or around a Open link in same pagesite, including earthworks, preparatory to or associated with the construction, Open link in same pagealteration, demolition or removal of a building. Small-sized, low-speed automatic lift means a restricted use power-operated device for the infrequent raising or lowering of people with limited mobility on a platform that is controlled automatically but has the capability of being electrically isolated by a key-lockable control. Smoke-and-heat vent means a vent, located in or near the roof for smoke and hot gases to escape if there is a fire in the building. Smoke-Developed Index means the index number for smoke as determined by AS/NZS 1530.3. Smoke development rate means the development rate for smoke as determined by testing flooring materials in accordance with AS ISO 9239.1. Smoke growth rate index (SMOGRA RC ) means the index number for smoke used in the regulation of Open link in same pagefire hazard properties and applied to materials used as a finish, surface, lining or attachment to a wall or ceiling. Sole-occupancy unit means a room or other part of a building for occupation by one or joint owner, lessee, tenant, or other occupier to the exclusion of any other owner, lessee, tenant, or other occupier and includes—
  1. a dwelling; or
  2. a room or suite of rooms in a Class 3 building which includes sleeping facilities; or
  3. a room or suite of associated rooms in a Class 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 building; or
  4. a room or suite of associated rooms in a Class 9c building, which includes sleeping facilities and any area for the exclusive use of a resident.
Spread-of-Flame Index means the index number for spread of flame as determined by AS/NZS 1530.3. Stage means a floor or platform in a Class 9b building on which performances are presented before an audience. Stairway platform lift means a power-operated device for raising or lowering people with limited mobility on a platform (with or without a chair) in the direction of a stairway. Standard Fire Test means the Fire-resistance Tests of Elements of Building Construction as described in AS 1530.4. Storey means a space within a building which is situated between one floor level and the floor level next above, or if there is no floor above, the ceiling or roof above, but not—
  1. a space that contains only—
    1. a lift Open link in same pageshaft, stairway or meter room; or
    2. a bathroom, shower room, laundry, water closet, or other Open link in same pagesanitary compartment; or
    3. accommodation intended for not more than 3 vehicles; or
    4. a combination of the above; or
  2. a Open link in same pagemezzanine.
Structural adequacy, in relation to an FRL, means the ability to maintain stability and adequate Open link in same pageloadbearing capacity as determined by AS 1530.4. Surface water means all naturally occurring water, other than sub-Open link in same pagesurface water, which results from rainfall on or around the Open link in same pagesite or water flowing onto the Open link in same pagesite. Swimming pool means any excavation or structure containing water and principally used, or that is designed, manufactured or adapted to be principally used for swimming, wading, paddling, or the like, including a bathing or wading pool, or spa. Total R-Value means the sum of the Open link in same pageR-Values of the individual component layers in a composite element including any building material, insulating material, airspace and associated surface resistances. Total System Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC) means the fraction of incident irradiance on Open link in same pageglazing or a Open link in same pageroof light that adds heat to a building’s space. Total System U-Value (W/m 2 .K) means the thermal transmittance of the composite element allowing for the effect of any airspaces and associated surface resistances. Treatment area means an area within a Open link in same pagepatient care area such as an operating theatre and rooms used for recovery, minor procedures, resuscitation, intensive care and coronary care from which a patient may not be readily moved. Unique wall, for the purposes of FV1, means a wall which is neither a Open link in same pagecavity wall nor a Open link in same pagedirect fix cladding wall. Verification Method means a test, inspection, calculation or other method that determines whether a Open link in same pagePerformance Solution complies with the relevant Open link in same pagePerformance Requirements. Vessel means an open, pre-formed, pre-finished concave receptacle capable of holding water, usually for the purpose of washing, including a basin, sink, bath, laundry tub and the like. Ward area means that part of a Open link in same pagepatient care area for resident patients and may contain areas for accommodation, sleeping, associated living and nursing facilities. Waterproof means the property of a material that does not allow moisture to penetrate through it. Water resistant means the property of a system or material that restricts moisture movement and will not degrade under conditions of moisture. Wet area means an area within a building supplied with water from a water supply system, which includes bathrooms, showers, laundries and Open link in same pagesanitary compartments and excludes kitchens, bar areas, kitchenettes or domestic food and beverage preparation areas. Window includes a roof light, glass panel, glass block or brick, glass louvre, glazed sash, glazed door, or other device which transmits natural light directly from outside a building to the room concerned when in the closed position.