Specification 34 Modelling parameters for J1V3
2019: Spec JVb: 1
2019: Spec JVb: 2
- The reference building must—
- The external walls must have a solar absorptance of 0.6.
- The air-conditioning must—
- for 98% of the annual hours of operation, achieve temperatures between—
- if the proposed building has no mechanically provided cooling or has mixed mode cooling, have the same method of control and control set points for non-mechanical cooling as the proposed building.
- The infiltration rate in each zone must be—
- 0.7 air changes per hour throughout all zones when there is no mechanically supplied outdoor air; and
- 0.35 air changes per hour throughout all zones at all other times.
- The artificial lighting must achieve the required maximum illumination power density in Part J7 without applying the control device adjustment factors.
- Minimum Energy Performance Standards must be applied to services not covered by Parts J6 to J8.
Proposed building and reference building
2019: Spec JVb: 3
- annual greenhouse gas emissions calculation method; and
- greenhouse gas emissions factors in accordance with (2); and
- location in accordance with (3); and
- adjacent structures and features; and
- orientation; and
- building form in accordance with (4); and
- testing standards including for insulation, glazing, water heater and unitary air-conditioning equipment; and
- fabric and glazing in accordance with (5); and
- services in accordance with (6) and S34C4.
- the factors in Table S34C3; or
- the current full fuel cycle emissions factors published by the Australian Government, except, where the greenhouse gas intensity of electricity is less than half the greenhouse gas intensity of natural gas—
- electricity is to be weighted as 1; and
- natural gas is to be weighted as 2.
- location where the building is to be constructed if appropriate climatic data is available; or
- the nearest location with similar climatic conditions, for which climatic data is available.
- quality of insulation installation; and
- thermal resistance of air films including any adjustment factors, moisture content of materials and the like; and
- dimensions of external, internal and separating walls; and
- internal shading devices, their colour and their criteria for operation.
- range and type of services and energy sources, other than renewable energy generated on site; and
- assumptions and means of calculating the temperature difference across air-conditioning zone boundaries; and
- floor coverings and furniture and fittings density; and
- internal artificial lighting illumination levels; and
- internal heat gains including people, lighting, appliances, meals and other electric power loads; and
- air-conditioning, including chiller, fan and boiler equipment, system configuration and zones; and
- profiles for occupancy, air-conditioning, lighting and internal heat gains from people, hot meals, appliances, equipment and heated water supply systems based on—
- supply heated water temperature and rate of use; and
- infiltration values, subject to (7); and
- sequencing for water heaters, refrigeration chillers and heat rejection equipment such as cooling towers; and
- representation of clothing and metabolic rate of the occupants; and
- control of air-conditioning except—
- the reference building must have variable temperature control for chilled and heated water that modulates the chilled water and heated water temperatures as required to maximise the efficiency of the chiller or boiler operation during periods of low load; and
- if the controls for the proposed building are not adequately specified or cannot be simulated, the sample control specifications in Appendix B of AIRAH-DA28 must be used; and
- environmental conditions such as ground reflectivity, sky and ground form factors, temperature of external bounding surfaces, air velocities across external surfaces and the like; and
- number, sizes, floors and traffic served by lifts and escalators.
- National emissions factors are not applicable to calculations for buildings in the ACT as they do not take into account investments in renewable electricity generation in the national electricity market made by the ACT.
- Values for the ACT can be found in the ACT Appendix.
Services — proposed and reference building
2019: Spec JVb: 4
- system demand and response for all items of plant must be calculated on a not less frequent than hourly basis; and
- energy usage of all items of plant must be calculated with allowances for—
- part load performance; and
- staging to meet system demand; and
- energy usage of cooling plant must be calculated with allowances for—
- the impact of chilled water temperature on chiller efficiency; and
- the impact of condenser water temperature on water-cooled plant efficiency; and
- the impact of ambient temperature on air-cooled plant efficiency; and
- the energy use of primary pumps serving individual chillers; and
- the energy use of auxiliary equipment, including controls and oil heating for chillers; and
- thermal losses in the chilled water system; and
- the impact of chilled water temperature on thermal losses in the chilled water system; and
- energy usage of water heating systems for space heating must be calculated with allowances for—
- the impact of water temperature on water heater efficiency; and
- the energy use of primary or feedwater pumps serving individual water heaters; and
- thermal losses in water heating systems; and
- the thermal mass of water heating systems, accounting for thermal losses during periods when the system is not operating; and
- energy usage of fan and pump systems must be calculated with allowances for—
- the method of capacity regulation; and
- the use of either fixed or variable pressure control; and
- energy usage of pump systems must be calculated with allowances for the system fixed static pressure head; and
- energy usage of auxiliary equipment associated with co-generation and tri-generation systems, including pumps, cooling towers and jacket heaters, must be calculated; and
- where the energy usage of the heated water supply for food preparation and sanitary purposes or the energy usage of lifts and escalators is the same in the proposed building and the reference building, they may be omitted from the calculation of both the proposed building and the reference building; and
- energy use of a lift in a building with more than one classification may be apportioned according to the number of storeys of the part for which the annual greenhouse gas emissions and thermal comfort level are being calculated.